This post was written during my 2 1/2 year tenure as a blogger for Health Goes Strong. The site was deactivated on July 1, 2013, but you can read the original post here.
END OF TERM STRESS IN COLLEGE STUDENTS CAN RESULT IN UNHEALTHY BEHAVIORS
The next two weeks are the most difficult time of year for college students. The end-of-semester demands they face are unrealistic and can lead to unbearable pressure. How our children cope with stress in college can have a devastating impact on both their physical and emotional health.
For those of us who can say “been there, done that,” it is not a rite of passage we would wish on anyone — especially our own children.
Stress in College Students
An estimated 15 percent of the 20 million young people attending college in the U.S. are diagnosed with depression. Those who do not have a clinical diagnosis of depression still experience stress and may suffer in silence or resort to inappropriate behavior.
The biggest risk is the threat of suicide.
A recent study reveals half of all college students have had suicidal thoughts. Tragically, 1500 of them are successful each year, according to Dr. Victor Schwartz, a psychiatrist and medical director of The Jed Foundation. The mission of this non-profit organization is to “promote emotional health and prevent suicide among college and university students.”
Here is just a partial list of what college students face this time of year.
End of Semester Stressors
- Cramming for finals
- Writing term papers
- Completing projects
- Making presentations
- Studying for Graduate Record Exam (GRE)
- Applying for Internships
- Preparing resumes
- Scheduling job interviews
- Packing up and moving out
Any one of these “added demands” is reason enough to need help with stress. The year-end stress for college students is heaped on top of their on-gong concerns about paying off loans, changing roommates, declaring a major, traveling abroad, finding off-campus housing, dealing with relationships, and so much more
When forced to try to deal with it all, students may “self-medicate” as the pressure builds.
Inappropriate Coping Strategies
- Depression – abuses of “uppers,” such as speed, cocaine, crack, Ecstasy
- Anxiety – abuse of “downers,” such as marijuana, hash, codeine, heroin
- Rage or Anger – abuse of alcohol in the form of binge drinking
- Sleep deprivation – abuse of caffeine from energy drinks, pills, espresso and coffee drinks
- Meal skipping – over-eating high foods high in fat, salt and sugar
- Dehydration – inappropriate use of medications for headaches, dizziness, lethargy
The American Psychological Association provides an online tool to test your knowledge about stress. Telling your child about it may be a good way to help him or her recognize what is happening and encourage them to take advantage of campus support services.
Unfortunately, stress doesn’t end after graduation. Learning how to cope with it while in college is a life skill that will pay off for your child no matter what career he or she pursues.
And for your high school graduate who may be starting college in the fall, check out my Tips to Prevent College Weight Gain adapted from my book, Fighting the Freshman Fifteen.